The development of chemists is used to the needs of medicine since ancient times. Thus, the study of compounds of mercury and arsenic by Paracelsus formed the basis of iatrochemistry is the science of using certain chemical compounds for the treatment of diseases. The discovery of substances capable of destroying various microbes in the environment formed the basis.
So, for disinfection of tissues during operations D. Lister used phenol solutions P. Koch solutions of chlorine mercury, and in 1909, Stretton discovered the disinfecting properties of solutions of iodine in alcohol.
- Arsenic-based compounding, successfully carried out by P. Ehrlich, laid the foundation for chemotherapy is a method of treating any infectious, parasitic disease or malignant tumor (cancer) with the help of poisons or toxins.
- Another important discovery of chemists for medicine was the synthesis of various sera, which allow them to develop immunity to a specific disease.