How to identify rashes common in children

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Children have sensitive skin and exposure to new elements at school and home can easily trigger a reaction. Here are some common skin rashes experienced by children:

Viral rashes

Measles, chicken pox, and hand, foot and mouth disease are common childhood viral rashes. These rashes can be identified by red spots found on the limbs and torso and are often be accompanied by a cough or cold.

Most cases will improve without medical assistance and vaccinations are able to prevent several types of rashes. Non-prescription antihistamines can also help to reduce associated fevers or itching. Parents should see a medical professional if the rash has not reduced in size within 2-3 days.

Meningococcal

Meningococcal is a high-risk rash for babies, children and teenagers and is a disease which can prove to be fatal.

Meningococcal can spread quickly so it’s important parents do not miss the initial signs and seek immediate medical attention. Normally, meningococcal is red to purple and first appears on the body, limbs and face.

According to the experts at House Call Doctor, meningococcal rash is non-blanching, which means if you press on it, it will retain its colour. A simple test can help parents to identify if a rash is meningococcal: lightly press a tumbler glass against the skin and if the rash doesn’t go pale and is still visible, then treat the situation as a medical emergency and call an ambulance.

To treat meningococcal, an intensive antibiotic therapy is required for survival. If you suspect your child has meningococcal disease, you must seek immediate medical attention.

Eczema

Chronic eczema sufferers are susceptible to itchy, scaly, dry or red skin.

Eczema is an irritating and painful condition which, thankfully, most children grow out of. Eczema is particularly common among children who have allergies like asthma and hay fever or who have a family history of the condition.

Eczema symptoms are unique to the individual and parents will develop an awareness of what triggers their child’s eczema symptoms.

Allergies

Allergic skin reactions are incredibly common among children and will often appear following exposure to a new allergen. Rashes will generally be red and spread across the body. Non-prescription medication and antihistamines can reduce the skin reaction but if symptoms persist, parents should consult a doctor.

School sores or impetigo

School sores (also known as impetigo) are an extremely contagious bacterial infection. School sores appear as red, crusty or pustular lesions usually on the limbs.

Antibiotic creams and oral tablets can be necessary to treat school sores and children with the condition must be kept away from school or childcare.

School sores respond well to antibiotics and most children will stop having contagious symptoms after 24 hours.

Fungal infections

Fungal infections, such as tinea, are incredibly common in children. Fungal infections are time consuming to treat and can often require several weeks of anti-fungal creams. Consult your doctor if symptoms do not improve within 2-3 weeks.

 

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